Archive for the ‘Cancer’ Category
The prognosis depends on the stage of cancer in each region.
- Cancers of the aerodigestive tract: in general, the closer you locate the mouth cancer, the better the prognosis. This could be due to the fact that it is easier to detect early-stage tumors in the region of the mouth and lip. Small tumors have a cure rate of 75 to 95%. Even many of the tumors that have spread to the lymph nodes are potentially curable, but the cure rate decreased in larger tumors or tumors that have spread.
- Lips and mouth: the initial stages has a cure rate of 90 to 100% More advanced stages have a cure rate of 65 to 90% if the cancer has not spread to lymph nodes in the neck. Cancers that have spread to lymph nodes or other body areas tend to have a poorer prognosis. Read the rest of this entry »
The type of treatment usually depends on the level of tumor dissemination (called “phase” of the tumor). In most head and neck cancers, the stage is determined by the size of the tumor and whether it has invaded nearby tissues, lymph nodes or other body areas.
Tumors of the upper aerodigestive tract: tumors are usually treated with radiation alone or radiation and surgery. This could include chemotherapy to improve outcomes of surgery and radiation. In general, the more acute the intervention, the longer the recovery.
Salivary glands: small tumors at an early stage can be treated with surgery alone. Larger tumors scattered and generally require radiation after surgery. Tumors that can not be removed with surgery are treated with radiation or chemotherapy. Read the rest of this entry »
Once manifested, the cancer continues to grow and will spread until it is given.
To reduce the risk of head and neck cancer, you could:
- Avoid smoking cigarettes, cigars or pipes. If you smoke, ask your doctor about ways to help you quit
- avoid chewing or sucking snuff
- avoid alcohol as well as being a risk factor, alcohol abuse or alcoholism may multiply the risk of head and neck cancer in people who also use snuff
- practice good oral hygiene
- visit your dentist regularly, a dental deep includes a routine inside the mouth. Read the rest of this entry »
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and if you smoke, chew or suck snuff or drink alcohol. You might also ask about your diet, race, occupation and history of exposure to radiation. Then, review and pay particular attention to your mouth, throat, nose, ears and lymph nodes in his neck. If you detect a lump or suspicious lymph nodes, your doctor will refer you to a specialist biopsy, which removes a small sample of skin and examined in a laboratory. Based on your symptoms and location of the lump or lymph node, the doctor may be a specialist in ear, nose and throat, maxillofacial surgeon or general surgeon.
Once cancer is diagnosed, other tests will be made to determine the spread of cancer.
The main way to evaluate head and neck tumors is a procedure called endoscopy fiberoptic. The doctor inserts a flexible fiberscope into the nose to examine areas that could be cancerous. This procedure can be used to examine the upper airway, larynx, lungs and esophagus, and nasal passages and sinuses. Read the rest of this entry »
Symptoms of head and neck cancer vary according to location:
- Lips and mouth could see or feel a lump, an open wound, a bleeding area, a patch with an abnormal white or red pigmentation inside the mouth or lip. There may be persistent sore throat, ear pain, discomfort when chewing or swallowing, or jaw inflamed (swollen).
- Throat and larynx: symptoms include hoarseness, pain or difficulty swallowing, pain in the neck, jaw or ear, a lump or swelling in the neck or a feeling of obstruction in the throat.
- Salivary glands: the most common symptom is a slow growing lump on the cheek, under the chin, on the tongue or the palate. Sometimes the lump causes pain. Read the rest of this entry »
The head and neck cancer begins with abnormal cell growth. These cancer cells multiply uncontrollably forming a tumor. As the tumor grows, it can form a lump, a sore, a surface patch of abnormal tissue and colorless or white. Without treatment, the tumor can invade and destroy nearby bones and soft tissues. Finally, you can spread (metastasize) to lymph nodes in the neck and other body organs.
In many cases, the head and neck cancer are caused by carcinogens, substances that cause cancer.
Such substances include chemicals found in smoke snuff, snuff in smokeless (chewing) and snuff snuff. Alcohol abuse or alcoholism may also contribute to head and neck cancer. The disease is especially prevalent in those who smoke and drink alcohol. In addition to the following classification, the head and neck cancer includes the classification of cancers of the larynx (voice box), soft palate and hard palate and salivary gland tumors, including the parotid glands. Read the rest of this entry »
Patients tend to lose the urge to eat and suffer side effects that increase the lack of appetite
As cancer treatment goes, know what to eat becomes more significant. The chapters of nausea and vomiting are almost certain. The unwillingness and episodes of diarrhea occur, can also form sores in the mouth and develop disorders of taste and smell. Are side effects that become more or less as a result of chemotherapy or radiotherapy.
In this period the diet becomes crucial. The dietary recommendations may be different from those appropriate for the healthy population, not because the recommended foods, discouraged or prohibited, for the quantities of certain ingredients. Patients undergoing treatment have to eat foods rich in calories and protein. If the general public should avoid obesity, a person with cancer should try not to lose weight. Read the rest of this entry »
Although there are few studies that examine how these variables affect the survival rate of people who have had cancer, some studies have linked weight gain after diagnosis with increased mortality in women who have had breast cancer. By contrast, an isolated body weight of overweight and obesity would be associated with better survival.
The “Guidelines recommendation of diet and physical activity” includes tips for choosing foods and beverages that help achieve and maintain a healthy weight. The basic dietary changes are: Read the rest of this entry »
In a recent paper published by the American Dietetic Association (ADA), discusses what the scientific evidence regarding the recommendations related to diet and physical activity aimed at this sector of the population. Most studies associate a protective role for fruit and vegetable intake.
More generally, the so-called “prudent diet” rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, poultry and fish, appears to reduce the risk of mortality in patients diagnosed with breast cancer.
Deserve special attention to the recommendations in relation to nutritional supplements (antioxidants, vitamins, etc..). Information concerning the United States indicate that 52% of the population consumed these products and, among survivors of cancer, this percentage rises to 64-81%. Read the rest of this entry »
Increased access to fruits and vegetables allow people adopt and maintain healthy eating behaviors are key to successfully preventing and overcoming cancer
Having had a cancer associated with a series of long-term consequences, both psychological and physical. Of these measures included, among the most common, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and other endocrine disorders, osteoporosis and osteopenia.
It is known that people who have had cancer die more often from cardiovascular disease than the rest of the population. Thus, nutritional interventions based on scientific evidence and which seek prevention and treatment of these consequences are necessary once the disease. Read the rest of this entry »